Garda Investigation 

The first Garda you speak to will take down your information (such as name, address, date of birth and phone number) and the basic details of what happened. 

A few days later the Gardaí will arrange for you to make a formal written statement. It will be necessary for you to explain, in detail, the crime that took place.  The Garda will write down your account and then read it back to you. Once you are happy that the statement accurately reflects your complaint, you will be asked to sign it. You have a right to receive a copy of your statement.

The Garda will then explain the investigation process to you and provide you with the name, telephone number and station of the investigating Garda. When the investigation is complete the case is referred to the Garda Superintendent or to the DPP for a decision on prosecution.

For less serious crimes such as public order offences, some traffic offences and minor assaults, the case is prosecuted by the Gardaí in the District Court.  For more serious crimes the file is referred to the DPP who decides where and whether to prosecute or not. In these cases the prosecution is carried out by the office of the DPP, usually in the Circuit or Central Criminal Court.

Questions and Answers for Victims


How to Report a Crime

If you are in immediate danger or there is an emergency, you should dial the Garda emergency number at 999 or 112.


Garda Investigations

The first Garda you speak to will take down your information (such as name, address, date of birth and phone number) and the basic details of what happened.


Decision to Prosecute

When an investigation is completed, a decision is made whether to prosecute someone for the crime. The decision to prosecute is sometimes called “file charges”.


Director of Public Prosecution

The Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) decides whether or not to charge people for committing serious crimes and what the charges should be. The DPP is also responsible for prosecuting indictable offenses.


Courts Process

When the Gardaí or the DPP decide to prosecute, the case then goes to court. Most of the time, the investigating Garda will be the person who informs you about court dates and other developments.


Victim Impact Statement

When someone pleads guilty or is found guilty in court, all victims have a right to submit a victim impact statement (sometimes called a “personal statement”) before the judge decides on a sentence. Providing a victim impact statement is a right but not a requirement.


After Prosecution

When someone is convicted of a crime, they are sometimes sentenced to spend time in custody. Adults are placed in prison or the Central Mental Hospital. Juveniles are placed at the Oberstown Children Detention Campus.


Restorative Justice

Is a term to describe a variety of practices that seek to provide opportunities for perpetrators to repair the harm they have done. The process generally requires the person to admit responsibility for the crime.


Get Help Now

We can tell you about support services available in your local area for victims of crime. We can also tell you about specialist services for victims of particular crimes, such as domestic violence, sexual assault, and homicide.

Support Services

If you or a friend or family member has been impacted by crime, there are a number of organization in Ireland who can help.